In this chapter, Solomon uses multiple synonyms for speech. Words, lips, fruit of mouth/lips, fool’s lips, fool’s mouth, premature answer, plead, utter and answers are associated with differing outcomes. Words, mouth and lips can be tools for benefit or destruction (ie become a fountain of wisdom vs bringing strife). A relational context for sound speech is also suggested here. In verse 1, “overseparation” from others is a sign of selfishness. On the other hand, too many friends “can bring ruin” but a friend who sticks “closer than a brother” is ideal (vs 24). Bottom line in these verses, careful speech and careful relationships are associated with the benefits that wisdom brings.